OBJECTIVE: Cisplatin (CDDP)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is highly expressed. Forced hydration and diuresis may partially prevent nephrotoxicity, but it is still difficult to completely prevent kidney injury, so establishment of a new preventive method is required. Therefore, in this study, we elected to candidates for preventive drugs of CDDP-induced AKI using big data analysis, and to verify the effectiveness of the drugs.
METHODS: Using FAERS (FDA Adverse Event Reporting System), existing drugs that may reduce CDDP-induced AKI were extracted. C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally administered with CDDP. Renal function was evaluated by serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. Histological damage in the cortex of kidney sections was scored. The effect of preventive drugs for CDDP-induced nephropathy was evaluated.
Results: The drug X was extracted a candidate drug suggesting the protective effect of CDDP-induced AKI by FAERS analysis. It was revealed that administration of the drug X significantly suppressed CDDP-induced AKI.
Conclusions: From the results of this study, it was suggested that existing pharmaceutical products elected by FAERS could be a preventive drug for CDDP-induced AKI.